• Product Specification: 6000 USP U/MG
  • Foodchem Code: S3301
  • Test Method: UV/HPLC
  • Payment Terms: L/C,D/A,D/P,T/T,O/A
  • Delivery time: 2-3 Weeks

Product describtion

Papain family

    Papain belongs to a family of related proteins with a wide variety of activities, including endopeptidases, aminopeptidases,dipeptidyl peptidases and enzymes with both exo- and endo-peptidase activity.Members of the papain family are widespread, found in baculovirus, eubacteria, yeast, and practically all protozoa, plants and mammals. The proteins are typically lysosomal or secreted, and proteolytic cleavage of the propeptide is required for enzyme activation, although bleomycin hydrolase is cytosolic in fungi and mammals. Papain-like cysteine proteinases are essentially synthesised as inactive proenzymes (zymogens) with N-terminal propeptide regions. The activation process of these enzymes includes the removal of propeptide regions, which serve a variety of functions in vivo and in vitro. The pro-region is required for the proper folding of the newly synthesised enzyme, the inactivation of the peptidase domain and stabilisation of the enzyme against denaturing at neutral to alkaline pH conditions. Amino acid residues within the pro-region mediate their membrane association, and play a role in the transport of the proenzyme to lysosomes. Among the most notable features of propeptides is their ability to inhibit the activity of their cognate enzymes and that certain propeptides exhibit high selectivity for inhibition of the peptidases from which they originate.


    The papain precursor protein contains 345 amino acid residues, and consists of a signal sequence (1-18), a propeptide (19-133) and the mature peptide (134-345). The amino acid numbers are based on the mature peptide. The protein is stabilised by threedisulfide bridges. Its three-dimensional structure consists of two distinct structural domains with a cleft between them. This cleft contains the active site, which contains a catalytic diad that has been likened to the catalytic triad of chymotrypsin. The catalytic diad is made up of the amino acids - cysteine-25 (from which it gets its classification) and histidine-159. Aspartate-158 was thought to play a role analogous to the role of aspartate in the serine protease catalytic triad, but that has since then been disproved. Nonetheless, it does appear to play a role.


Appearance White Powder
Mesh 98% Pass 80mesh
Activity of enzyme(USP U/MG) 6000 Min
Loss on drying(%) 5.0 Max
Ash(%) 5.0 Max
Heavy metals(ppm) 20.0 Max
Pb(ppm) 2.0 Max
As(ppm) 2.0 Max
Total Plate Count(cfu/g) 10000 Max
Yeast & Mold(cfu/g) 100 Max
E.Coli Negative
Salmonella Negative

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